Gramps 5.1 Wiki Manual - Entering and editing data: detailed - part 3/he

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הקודם מפתח הבא


The previous section offered you a detailed overview of how to enter and edit the main objects you see in Gramps. This section continues with other objects you encounter in Gramps.

עורך שמות

דו־שיח עורך שמות, available from the לשונית_שמות of the עריכת אדם dialog.


דו־שיח עריכת שם

איור. 9.3.1 עורך שמות - דו־שיח - דןגמה

The top of the window allows entry of the type of name (e.g., Birth Name, Married Name, etc) from a dropdown list. Next are elements of the personal name most commonly grouped as Given Name elements. Following the Given Name section is the Family Names section. At the bottom are elements allowing for customization of name sorting, dates for names, name sources, and notes for names.

סוג

  • Type: (Birth Namedefault) The Name type dropdown list allows you to select the type of name being entered. You may also directly key in a Custom Type into this field.
  • Record is public/private toggle the icon in the top right corner to mark this name record as private. This will give you a chance to omit this name from being included in reports if you choose so among the report generation options.


שמות פרטיים

The Given Name(s) Section contains all parts of a personal name you can store with Gramps:

  • Given: The person's given names should all be entered here.
  • Call Name: The person's proper legal name that was used most commonly by the person should be entered here. For example, someone named John Raymond Smith who uses the name Raymond should have Raymond entered here. If this person uses Ray commonly, this should be entered as a nickname since Ray is not the proper legal name (see following). In Germany and some other places, it was customary to underline the call name among the different given names (see also here).
  • Title: The person's title, such as Doctor (or Dr.) can be entered here.
  • Suffix: The person's name suffix, such as Junior (Jr.) or III, should be entered here.
  • Nick Name: The person's nickname should be entered here. Nicknames include shortenings of proper legal names such as Greg for Gregory (cf. Call Name above).


שמות משפחה

The Family Names Section contains the person's family name elements. Gramps allows for multiple family names as well as multiple kinds of family names.

  • Toolbar - + / Edit / Remove / Move up in list / Move down in list

The following columns are shown:

  • Prefix A prefix for the family name that is not used in sorting (such as "de" or "van").
  • Surname for the main portion of one's family name.
  • Connector often used in matronymic or patronymic naming schemes, such as dotter.
  • Origin indicating the type of family name this is and its derivation.
  • Primary Radiobox indicating if the family name is the primary one.

The following field is shown:

  • Family Nick Name: for families commonly referred to using a more vernacular nickname.

לקריאה נוספת: Names in Gramps - wiki article.

עמוד לשונית עורך שמות

Tango-Dialog-information.png
Tip

The tab labels reflect the presence of corresponding information: if the tab contains any data, its label appears boldface; if the tab has no data then its label appears regular (not bold).


כללי

Options allowing you to adjust specific grouping, sorting, and displaying properties of this name, as well as to provide the date corresponding to the name:

  • The Group as: field provides an alternative grouping node for a name in the person view, overriding the default grouping based on the family name. This may be necessary with similar family names that need to be grouped -- for example Russian names Ivanov and Ivanova are considered the same, but the difference in gender is reflected in different spelling. See Grouping Surnames.
    • Override Check this checkbox to enable typing into this field. (checkbox unchecked by default)
People are displayed according to the name format given in the Preferences (the default).
Here you can make sure this person is displayed according to a custom name format. (More name formats can be selected in the Edit ->Preferences... Display tab or customized using the Display_Name_Editor.)
  • The Sort as and Display as determine how the name appears in the People View and the reports. The sort allows you to override the name pattern set in the Gramps preferences in the sorting of the name. For example, you suddenly have a branch of Swedish names with given and patronymic, but the rest of your database sorts names on Family name, Given. You can indicate here to sort this name always as Patronymic, Given.
Here you can make sure this person is sorted according to a custom name format. (More name formats can be selected in the Edit ->Preferences... Display tab or customized using the Display_Name_Editor.).
The Display as allows you to say how the name is listed. You might, for example, want to sort a name in based on a person's given or surname, but still have the display show an honorific title before that name. (More name formats can be selected in the Edit ->Preferences... Display tab or customized using the Display_Name_Editor.)
The Person Tree view groups people under the primary surname. You can override this by setting here a group value. You will be asked if you want to group this person only or all people with this specific primary surname.
  • The Date can provide information on the validity of this name -- use date spans as necessary. The edit date icon opens the Date Editor. Eg. for a Married Name, enter the date that the name is first used or the marriage date.

מובאות מקור

The Source Citations tab displays information about sources and citations relevant to this name and controls allowing its modification. The central part displays the list of all such citations and sources stored in the database. The buttons + , Edit , and - allow you to correspondingly add, modify, and remove a citation to this name. Note that the Edit and - buttons become available only when a source reference is selected from the list.

More info: Citations editor

הערות

The Note tab displays any notes concerning the name. To add a note or modify existing notes simply edit the text in the text entry field.

More info: Note Editor

תכונות

When you add or edit an Attributes from the Edit Person dialogs Attributes tab the Attribute Editor dialog will be shown.

דו־שיח עורך תכונות

Gramps-notes.png
הערה

Some predefined attributes are present because they are defined in the GEDCOM standard.

איור. 9.3.2 Attribute Editor - Dialog - default

The top of the window shows the dialog title including the name of the person whose attribute is being edited. The central part of the window displays three notebook tabs containing different categories of available information. You can bring any tab to the top for viewing or editing by clicking on the appropriate tab heading. The bottom part has OK and Cancel buttons. Clicking the OK button at any time will apply all the changes made in all tabs and close the dialog window. Clicking the Cancel button at any time will close the window without applying any changes.

The top section allows editing of the most general information about the attribute:

  • Attribute: (Identification Numberdefault) The name of an attribute you want to use. For example: Height (for a person), Weather on this Day (for an event), ... Use this to store snippets of information you collect and want to correctly link to sources. Attributes can be used for people, families, events, and media. The information can be typed in the appropriate text entry fields. The attribute name can also be selected from available choices (if any) listed in the Attribute drop-down menu.
  • Record is public/private Toggle this to mark this attribute record as private or public. This will give you a chance to omit this attribute from being included in the reports if you choose so among the report generation options.
  • Value: Plain text description entry of the attribute. Eg. 1.8m, Sunny, or Blue eyes.


Attribute Editor tab pages

Tango-Dialog-information.png
Tip

The tab labels reflect the presence of corresponding information: if the tab contains any data, its label appears boldface; if the tab has no data then its label appears regular (not bold).


Source Citations

The Source Citations tab displays information about citations and sources relevant to this attribute and controls allowing its modification. The central part displays the list of all such sources and citations references stored in the database. The buttons + , Edit , and - allow you to correspondingly add, modify, and remove a source reference to this attribute. Note that the Edit and - buttons become available only when a citation/source reference is selected from the list.

הערות

The Note tab displays any notes concerning the attribute. To add a note or modify existing notes simply edit the text in the text entry field.


כתובות

Tango-Dialog-information.png
Use the Residence Event for historical genealogical address data.



See also Why residence event and not Address?

When you add or edit an address from the Edit Person dialogs Addresses tab the Address Editor dialog will be shown.

Address Editor dialog

איור. 9.3.3 Address Editor - Dialog - default

The Address Editor dialog allows you to record a current address by recording the information in the appropriate text entry fields.

The top section of the dialog allows editing and entry of information about the address:

  • Date: Date at which the address is valid.
    • Invoke date editor button
  • Street: The street of the address.
  • Record is public/private button. Toggle this button to mark this address record as private or public. This will give you a chance to omit this address from being included in reports if you choose so among the report generation options.
  • שכונה: The locality name of the address.
  • מדינה/מחוז: The state or county of the address in case a mail address must contain this.
  • עיר: The village or city of the address.
  • ארץ: Country of the address.
  • מיקוד/תא דואר: מיקוד.
  • טלפון: מספר טלפון מקושר לכתובת.

The bottom of the dialog has Help, Cancel and OK buttons. Clicking the OK button at any time will apply all the changes made in all tabs and close the dialog window. Clicking the Cancel button at any time will close the window without applying any changes.

Address Editor tab pages

Tango-Dialog-information.png
Interface Tip

There is a visible indicator for each tab in editor windows to alert when there is underlying data to explore. This can relieve the compulsion to visit empty tabs for simple confirmation.

The tab label font styling reflects the existence of corresponding information: if the tab contains any data, the tab label will be in boldface and be preceded by an icon; if the tab has no data, then the label appears in regular (plain, not bold) typeface lacking the icon.


The following tabs contain different categories of available information. You can bring any tab to the top for viewing or editing by clicking on the appropriate tab heading.

Source Citations

The Source Citations tab displays information about sources relevant to this address and controls allowing its modification. The central part displays the list of all such sources and citations references stored in the database. The buttons + , Edit , and - allow you to correspondingly add, modify, and remove a citation/source reference to this address. Note that the Edit and - buttons become available only when a source reference is selected from the list.

הערות

The Notes tab displays any notes concerning the address. To add a note or modify existing notes simply edit the text in the text entry field.


מיזוג רשומות

איור. 9.3.4 Merge the Selected Persons - Toolbar icon highlighted - example

Sometimes several records in your family tree turn out to be describing the same object: same person, same place, or same citation/source. It could happen either when the data is entered twice by mistake, or when new information reveals that the two entries refer to the same person. It can also happen after importing a GEDCOM obtained from a relative, whose database overlaps with your existing data.

Whenever you detect duplicate records, merging them is a useful way of correcting the situation.

Tango-Dialog-information.png
To make a merge, exactly two records have to be selected in the appropriate view (People View, Sources View, or Places View). This is accomplished by selecting one entry and then selecting another person while holding down the Ctrl key.
You will see the Cannot merge people warning dialog if you attempt to merge anything other than two(2) records.


מיזוג אנשים

Gramps-notes.png
פעולת מיזוג אנשים לא משמידה מידע כלשהו.

ההחלטות שתתקבלנה במהלך המיזוג תשפענה אך ורק על סיווג הנתונים ברשומה שמוזגה, כלומר, אילו פיסות מידע יהפכו ראשוניות ואילו משניות בתוצאת הרשמומה שמוזגה.

איור. 9.3.5 מיזוג אנשים - "מידע הקשר" - דו־שיח - דוגמה

כאשר נבחרו שני אנשים בדיוק נא לבחור בתפריט עריכה ← מיזוג... כדי לעורר את חלון דו־שיח מיזוג אנשים.

חלון הדו־שיח מאפשרת קבלת החלטה האם למזג את הרשומות שנבחרו או לאו. אם המסקננ שהתקבלההיא שאין למזג את הרשומות, למרות השמות הדומים, ניתן להקיש על לחצן ביטול לסגירת חלון דו־השיח מבלי לבצע כל שינוי.

הרחבת השדות בחירה מפורטת והשדות מידע הקשר בצד שמאל למטה מציג מידע נוסף על האנשים שאת רשומותיהם ניתן למזג.

להמשיך במיזוג, נא לבחר בלחצן הבחירה ולסמן את כפתור־הרדיו המתאים לבחירת הרשומה שתשמש כמקור נתונים ראשי, לאחר מכן יש ללחץ על בסדר לאישור. הנתונים מהרשומה האחרת יישמרו כנתונים משניים (חלופיים).

כל השמות מהרשומה האחרת יהפכו לשמות חלופיים של הרשומה הממוזגת. באופן דומה, הורים, בני זוג וילדים של הרשומה האחרת יהפכו להורים חלופיים, בני זוג וילדים של הרשומה הממוזגת וכן הלאה.

מיזוג משפחות

איור. 9.3.6 מיזוג משפחות - "בחירה מפורטת" – דו־שיח – דוגמה

לאחר סימון (בדיוק) שתי משפחות למיזוג (הגיוני למדי, שכן לא ניתן למזג רשימה בודדת), יש לבחור מהתפריט בעריכה ← מיזוג... כדי לעורר את חלון דו־השיח מיזוג משפחות.

חלון דו־השיח מאפשר לקבל החלטה האם להמשיך ולמזג את הרשומות שנבחרו או לאו. אם ההחלטה שהתקבלה היא שאין למזג את הרשומות, למרות שהן דומות, נא להקיש על ביטול ל סגירת הדו־שיח מבלי לבצע כל שינוי.

נא לבחור באחת משתי המשפחות שתהווה מקור נתונים עיקרי למשפחה החדשה. אפשרות שניה היא על ידי הרחבת שדה }בחירה מפורטת וסימון את כפתורי־הרדיו הרצויים ומאפשרים מרחב בחירה עשיר יותר, כך לדוגמה ניתן לבחור בנפרד:

  • מי מאבות שתי המשפחות ישמש כמקור הנתונים הראשי,
  • מי מהאמהות תשמש כמקור נתונים ראשי,
  • איזו משפחה (נבחרה על ידי Gramps ID) תהווה מקור נתונים אחרים ראשיים .

להמשיך במיזוג, נא לבחור בכפתורי־הרדיו המתאימים להגדרת מקורות הנתונים הראשיים עבור הרשומה המשפחתית הממוזגת. הקשה על בסדר תאשר את ביצוע פעולת המיזוג.

פעולת המיזוג מטפלת ברשומות באופן הבא:

  • צאצאי שתי המשפחות יאוחדו למשפחה אחת ויופיעו ברשומות המשפחה החדשה.
  • רשומות שני האבות ימוזגו ואירועים מרשומות האב המשני יקושרו לאב הראשי. שמות מרשומת האב המשני יהפכו לשמות חלופיים של האב הראשי.
  • תהליך זהה מתרחש גם עם רשומות שתי אמהות המשפחות הממוזגות.
  • האירועים הקשורים למשפחה המשנית (כמו נישואין או גירושין) יקושרו למשפחה הראשית.
  • לסיום התהליך, רשומות המשפחה, האב והאם המשניים ימחקו ממסד הנתונים.

למעשה אין אובדן מידע או רשומות אלא סידור וקישור המידע בצורה אחרת.

מיזוג אירועים

איור. 9.3.7 Merge Events - dialog - default example

When exactly two events are selected, choose Edit ->Merge... to invoke Merge Events dialog.

The dialog allows you to decide on whether or not the selected records should be merged.

By expanding the Detailed Selection field you can see additional information about the merge.

If you decide that the records should not be merged, despite similar titles, you may click Cancel to close the dialog without making any changes.

If you decide to proceed with merging, choose the appropriate radio button to specify:

  • סוג
  • תאריך
  • מקום
  • תאור
  • מזהה גרמפס

to be used for the merged record, then click בסדר

איור. 9.3.8 Merge Events - "Detailed Selection" section expanded - dialog - example


מיזוג מקומות

איור. 9.3.9 Merge Places - dialog - default example

When exactly two places are selected, choose Edit ->Merge... to invoke Merge Places dialog.

By expanding the Detailed Selection field you can see additional information about the merge.

The dialog allows you to decide on whether or not the selected records should be merged.

If you decide that the records should not be merged, despite similar titles, you may click Cancel to close the dialog without making any changes.

If you decide to proceed with merging, choose the appropriate radio button to specify:

  • כותרת
  • קו־אורך
  • קו־רוחב
  • מיקום
  • מזהה

to be used for the merged record, then click בסדר.

איור. 9.3.10 Merge Places - "Detailed Selection" section expanded - dialog - example


Merge Sources

איור. 9.3.11 Merge Sources - dialog - default example

When exactly two sources are selected, choose Edit ->Merge... to invoke Merge Sources dialog.

By expanding the Detailed Selection field you can see additional information about the merge.

The dialog allows you to decide on whether or not the selected records should be merged.

If you decide that the records should not be merged, despite similar titles, you may click Cancel to close the dialog without making any changes.

If you decide to proceed with merging, choose the appropriate radio button to specify:

  • Title
  • Author
  • Abbreviated title
  • Publication information
  • ID

to be used for the merged record, then click OK.

איור. 9.3.12 Merge Sources - "Detailed Selection" section expanded - dialog - example


Merge Citations

איור. 9.3.13 Merge Citations - dialog - default example

When exactly two citations are selected, choose Edit ->Merge... to invoke Merge Citations dialog.

By expanding the Detailed Selection field you can see additional information about the merge.

The dialog allows you to decide on whether or not the selected records should be merged.

If you decide that the records should not be merged, despite similar titles, you may click Cancel to close the dialog without making any changes.

If you decide to proceed with merging, choose the appropriate radio button to specify:

  • Volume/Page
  • Date
  • Confidence
  • Gramps ID

to be used for the merged record, then click OK.

לקריאה נוספת: Merge Citations... כלי.

איור. 9.3.14 Merge Citations - "Detailed Selection" section expanded - dialog - example


מיזוג מאגרים

איור. 9.3.15 Merge Repositories - dialog - default example

When exactly two repositories are selected, choose Edit ->Merge... to invoke Merge Repositories dialog.

By expanding the Detailed Selection field you can see additional information about the merge.

The dialog allows you to decide on whether or not the selected records should be merged.

If you decide that the records should not be merged, despite similar titles, you may click Cancel to close the dialog without making any changes.

If you decide to proceed with merging, choose the appropriate radio button to specify:

  • Name
  • Type
  • Gramps ID

to be used for the merged record, then click OK

איור. 9.3.16 Merge Repositories - "Detailed Selection" section expanded - dialog - example


Merge Media Objects

איור. 9.3.17 Merge Media Objects - dialog - default example

When exactly two Media Objects are selected, choose Edit ->Merge... to invoke Merge Media Objects dialog.

By expanding the Detailed Selection field you can see additional information about the merge.

The dialog allows you to decide on whether or not the selected records should be merged.

If you decide that the records should not be merged, despite similar titles, you may click Cancel to close the dialog without making any changes.

If you decide to proceed with merging, choose the appropriate radio button to specify:

  • Title
  • Path
  • Date
  • Gramps ID

to be used for the merged record, then click OK

איור. 9.3.18 Merge Media Objects - "Detailed Selection" section expanded - dialog - example


מיזוג הערות

איור. 9.3.19 Merge Notes - dialog - default example

When exactly two notes are selected, choose Edit ->Merge... to invoke Merge Notes dialog.

By expanding the Detailed Selection field you can see additional information about the merge.

The dialog allows you to decide on whether or not the selected records should be merged.

If you decide that the records should not be merged, despite similar titles, you may click Cancel to close the dialog without making any changes.

If you decide to proceed with merging, choose the appropriate radio button to specify:

  • Text
  • Type
  • Format
  • Gramps ID

to be used for the merged record, then click OK

איור. 9.3.20 Merge Notes - "Detailed Selection" section expanded - dialog - example


הקודם מפתח הבא
align="right" הודעת מיוחדת בעיינן זכויות יוצרים: כל העריכות בדף זה צריכות להיות במגבלות שני רישיונות זכויות יוצרים שונים:

רישיונות אלה מרשים למיזם גרמפס להשתמש באופן מירבי במדריך ויקי זה כתוכן חופשי בגרסאות גרמפס העתידיות. אם אינכם מסכים עם כפול רישיונות זה, אל תערוכו דף זה. אתם רשאים לקשור רק עמודים אחרים בתוך הויקי שנמצאים תחת רישיון GFDL ורק באמצעות קישורים חיצוניים (באמצעות התחביר: [https://www.gramps-project.org/...]), לא באמצעות קישורים פנימיים.
כמו כן, השתמשו רק במוסכמות המקובלות