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Gramps 5.0 Wiki Manual - Getting started/zh

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我们从一些基本的东西开始讲起。首先我们介绍一些Gramps中的基本知识。然后我们将教你如何开始使用Gramps,以及如何寻找帮助。

Gramps总体介绍

Gramps是一个免费、开放源代码的软件。它被设计成一个灵活并且功能强大的家谱工具。没有唯一一个正确的方法来录入或整理你的数据。但是如果你想和其它人或其它软件一起来处理这些数据的话,你需要理解Gramps是怎么工作的。

Gramps把这些系信息分成九大类:

  • 成员
  • 家庭
  • 事件
  • 笔记
  • 媒体(如图片或录像)
  • 引用
  • 信息来源(比如某人口述,或户口本)
  • 地点
  • 贮藏库


这九个类型是相互独立的。也就是说你可以一次只录入其中任何一个类型的资料,而且与顺序无关。比如你可以想先输入成员个人的资料,然后再把它们按家庭关系连续起来。或者你也可以先录入信息来源,然后再录入信息来源中的成员资料。或者你可以混合录入笔记和信息来源,再录入家庭资料,然后回去再加一些笔记。总之,你可以按你想要的任何方式来录入资料。

如果你还有其它问题,你可以问在线社区中的用户、开发员。我们有常见问题列表,邮件列表;问题列表,新功能需求等;还有一个在线聊天室。

关联

这九大类以不同的方式关联在一起。有些关系不是那么明显。比如当你把一个成员以家长或孩子的身份加入到一个家庭中时,会自动创建一个参照的关联。你可以在成员的主窗口中的“参照”栏中看到他所关联的家庭。Gramps有很多种其它方式来显示这些关联,其中包括关系图表。

为了避免重复录入同样的信息,Gramps让你重用或共享信息。Gramps有一个特殊的关联叫“链接”。比如一个成员可以有多个笔记项目。如果基本一个笔记提示到了两个不同成员,那样的话最好是让这两个成员共享这同一个笔记。

有一些链接包含关于它们本身的信息。比如你可以关联一个成员到另一对夫妻的结婚摆酒事件中去喝喜酒。这样的话那对新人是这个摆酒事情中的主要人物,其它的人可能就是不同的身份,比如主持人或亲朋好友。这些连接就是包含了一些关于它本身的信息,比如身份。

隐私

Gramps支持以两种不同的方式来保护你家谱中的隐私。这两个方式将在你共享你的数据给别人时使用到,比如打一个报表,导出数据或者建一个网站。

第一个方法是保护那些Gramps认识还健在的人。如果你没有特别指明一个人已经过世(通过在添加一个“死亡”事情)。那么Gramps有一套自动计算方式来判断一个人是否健在。健在的人的敏感资料会被保护起来,比如一个人名为王小明的可能会显示为王【健在】

第二个方法是你特别给某个信息设为私有的标识。比如你可以在一个笔记中有你的敏感个人资料。那你可以设置这个笔记为私有。这样这个笔记就不会显示在报表中或导出的数据中。特别注意有些链接本身也可以设置为私有的。这个有时候非常有用。比如一个成员私下的参加了一个活动,而你又想这个成员及那个活动是公开的。但这个成员对参加这个活动本身不公开。

In order to activate these two methods of privacy, you will need to indicate their use when creating some reports or exporting your data. 为了让以上两种方式保护好隐私,你

GEDCOM

Gramps derives its core structure of items from a standard called GEDCOM. However, Gramps extends this standard where it has been deemed necessary. If you plan on using your family data with another system which uses GEDCOM, then you probably will want to try to restrict your use of features that are Gramps-only extensions. On the other hand, if you are not limited by other genealogical software, then you can enter your data in whatever ways make sense to you.

You can read more details about this issue in the section on Gramps and GEDCOM.

Start Gramps

The best way to learn Gramps is by working with your data. Let's get started!

The way you start Gramps depends on the operating system you are using.

As well as starting Gramps using the normal graphical user interface (GUI) as described below, it is also possible to start Gramps using a command line interface (CLI). CLI use can produce reports that are not available via the GUI, it can be used to create reports, do conversions etc. without opening a window, and can provide extra information in the event of problems. For more information, see the Command Line appendix.

Linux

Only the Linux platform is officially supported as Gramps developers use and test the source code on that platform, fixing any problems that arise due to upgrades.

Assuming you have used the standard Package Manager (either through a CLI or a GUI) for your Linux distribution, you will start Gramps in the normal way for your distribution. For example in Ubuntu 12.10, an icon is placed in the launcher, or the program can be started from Dash. For other distributions, an entry may be created in the Application menu (normally in the Office section).

Starting Gramps through the CLI on Linux is covered here.

MS Windows

MS Windows is a community supported platform. If you install the Windows AIO GrampsAIO32 or GrampsAIO64 executable, then this will place an icon on the desktop as well as a menu item in the 'Start' menu, and you click on that to start Gramps.

Starting Gramps through the CLI on MS Windows is covered here.

There are other ways to install Gramps for MS Windows, but these are much more complicated and are not covered here.

Mac OS X

Mac OS X is a community supported platform. If you download the Mac OS X disk image (.dmg), then you simply drag the application to your application folder (or anywhere else you want to store it) and start Gramps by double clicking on the application in the normal way.

Starting Gramps through the CLI on Mac OS X is covered here.

There are other ways to install Gramps for Mac OS X, but these are much more complicated and are not covered here.

Choosing a Family Tree

Fig 2.1 Dashboard Category View - First open of Gramps with no family tree loaded(Gramps 5.0.0; MS-Windows 7)

If Gramps is started without a family tree selected, the initial screen will have little functionality. Most operations will not be available. To load a family tree (also referred to as database), select in the menu Family Trees->Manage Family Trees to open the family tree manager, or click the

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Family Tree icon in the toolbar. Gramps keeps track of your recently opened Family Trees, and these can be selected by clicking on the arrow next to the

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Family Tree button and choosing from the drop down menu.

For more detailed information on the Family Tree manager and the Family Trees menu, see the chapter dedicated to this: Manage Family Trees.


Tell me how to start right now!

We advise everyone to read the manual to learn all about using Gramps. Genealogy takes time, so learning the tools is not wasted time.

However, if you really want the bare minimum to start, then read this How-To start with Genealogy using Gramps.

Obtaining Help

Gramps has a Help menu that you can consult at any time.

  • See the Help menu section.
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