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Start with Genealogy/zh

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(版本:3.3.1-1)
As you start with yourself, and the source is the interview with yourself, in the left sidebar called '''Navigator''' click on the sources icon. In the toolbar click on 因为我们从你自己开始,那样你自己就是信息的“来源”。从左边的导航栏点击“来源”图标,然后在工具栏点击 {{man label|Add新增}} (or {{man key press|CTRL|INSERT插入}} on the keyboard) to open the source editor.来打开编辑窗口。
Assuming your name is ''John Doe''我们假设你的名字是"张三", you now make a source for the interview with yourself! So enter:你现在开始作为一个“源源”采访你自己!让我们录入:* Title: Interview with John Doe名称: 张三的采访记录* Author: John Doe作者: 张三And click on 然后点击{{man button|OK}}.
That is it, your first source. In the source view you will see Gramps added an ID to your source. You can change the format of this ID in 就这样你录入了你的第一个“来源“。在这个来源主窗口中你可以看到Gramps自动为你添加了一个编号(例如:S0001)。你可以在{{man menu|Edit编辑->Preferences首选项->ID FormatsID编号格式}}. 来改变它的格式。
Before continuing, let's show how to change the interface. In the toolbar of Gramps, the last icon is the 在我们继续其它功能以前,让我们来改变下操作界面。点击工具栏{{man button|Configure the active view配置现有选中视图}}, so click it to see how you can adapt the view. Activate the 'Last Changed' Column and by dragging, change eg 'Author' to be the second column. Most views have this configuration option, so change these to your liking!,选中”上次修订“,然后也可以拖动它来改变顺序。
==Add data to the source在来源中增加数据==
(版本:3.3.1-1)
Before you begin, you should know that Gramps does '''not''' store your media, it only stores a link to where the media is on your hard disk. So decide where you will store your pictures, videos, sounds, and documents. Then on the menu bar select 首先你要明白Gramps本身并不存储你的媒体文件,它仅仅保存一个指向你硬盘上媒体文件的链接。所以你可以把你的图片、录像或录音存放在任何目录。然后把菜单{{man menu|Edit编辑->Preferences}} and the '''General''' tab. Set the value of {{man label|Base path for relative media paths首选项}} to this directory. Click on the 的“相关媒体路径的基础路径”改到你存放媒体文件的目录。点击{{man label|CloseClose(关闭)}} button to save your changes. Keep your media documents well structured in this directory.按钮即可生效。注意分类整理好你的媒体目录。
Now let's continue with adding some more data to the source. Double click on it (or press 现在让我们继续录入来源数据。双击“张三的采访记录”或直接选中然后按{{Man key press|ENTER回车}}) to open the source 'Interview with John Doe'. Look at the tab pages at the bottom of the source editor: Notes, Gallery, Data, Repositories, References. Surely you have a picture of yourself! Let's add it to the Gallery of this source.。注意下半部分有:注解,图库,属性,文库及参照。 让我们加一张你自己的照片进去。
Click on the 点击{{man label|Gallery图库}} tab, and then on the little '''Add''' icon just below the Notes tab. This opens a dialog to select the image of yourself. At the bottom of this dialog is a box '''Title:''' to set a nice title such as 'Picture of John Doe'. Entering a title does not change the file name. Make sure you select 'Convert to a relative path'. Press ,然后再点击“添加”图标就会弹出一个对话框来选择照片。对话框的下面有一个“标题”可以修改名字,比如“张三的照片”。记得选中“转换成相对路径”。点击{{man button|OK}}. You will now see the ''Media Reference Editor''. The top of this dialog allows to select a region of the picture, eg when you have selected a group photo, it makes sense to indicate who on the photo is John Doe. You can use the mouse in the preview picture to select the part of the picture of interest (click down is corner 1 and click release is corner 2). Click 。然后你会看到一个“参照媒体编辑器”窗口。你可以在这上面截图,比如从合照中截出你自己的头像。点击{{man button|OK}} to save the image and go back to the source editor you were working on. 回到之前的窗口。
Suppose you have a typed-out text of the interview. In that case you can add the textual document (odt, doc, rtf, etc ...) in the 你可以在图库中增加Word文档,但你最好是把文字类的信息存放到{{man label|Gallery注解}}, but you can also store the text as a 中去。这样可以以后搜索其中的内容。点击{{man label|Note注解}} in Gramps. The good thing about using a note is that Gramps can search the text of notes with filters. So, click on the {{man label|Notes}} tab, click the '''Add''' icon, and you are presented with a basic editor that you can type or paste text into.的“创建”图标然后你就可以录入文字了。
When finished, press 一切完成后就点击{{man button|OK}} on the source editor, and your source 'Interview with John Doe' now has also a note and picture.这样你的来源“张三的采访记录”就有了图片和文字说明。
To see these, you would have to open the editor again. However, Gramps has a bottom pane that can show you information on the selected entry in the source view. For that, activate in the menu '''View''' the '''Bottombar'''. You will see a number of tabs which allow to show information. The elements showing information are called '''Gramplets''' in Gramps. Gramplets are small plugins that can perform all kinds of tasks. You can add one to the bottombar by using right-click with the mouse on the bottombar next to the tabs.你可以再次打开编辑窗口来查看这些图片和文字说明。另一个查看方法是在Gramps的底栏显示。点击菜单“查看/底栏”即可。你可以看到有不同的栏目来显示信息。有一个叫做“Gramplets”,Gramplets是一个小插件可以完成各种不同的任务。你可以在底栏右键鼠标来加入Gramplets。
== Time for your first Person 录入你的第一个成员 ==(版本:3版本:4.32.1-15我们做了这么多,却还没有录入一个成员资料!是时候先录入你自己的个人资料了。所有这些你即将录入的信息都来自于来源“张三的采访记录”。我们把这个来源放到一个你容易访问的地方。在工具栏上点击{{man button|剪贴板}}图标来打开剪贴板。在来源视图中把“张三的采访记录”拖动到这个剪贴板中。这样这个来源就存放在了剪贴板,现在你可以把这个窗口关闭了。
So much done, and not yet one single person is present in your family tree! Time to change that. Let's add yourself. As all information you will add comes from the source 'Interview with John Doe', we first store this in an easy to reach place. In the toolbar click on the {{man button|Clipboard}} icon to open the clipboard. Drag and drop, from the source view, the source 'Interview with John Doe', into the Clipboard. Your source is now stored in the Clipboard and this window can be closed.
In the Navigator, click on the Person icon to see the person view. Note 在导航栏点击成员图标以打开成员视图。Note that on the Toolbar there is a pressed-in button (3rd button from the right) indicating the type of person view you have activated. Try the other possibility once to see what changes. Many Categories in the Navigator have more than one view!(这一段未翻译是因为我安装的是4.2.5版本看不到它所说的pressed-in图标)。
Click now on the 在工具栏上面点击{{man button|Add新增}} button on the Toolbar to add your first person. You now see the person editor, and the top part of this should be what you expect: all information about the name of this person. So, type in your given name, and your surname. If you are eg. Spanish and have a very long surname, then click on the {{man button|Add}} icon after the surname to enter multiple surnames. See the manual for more details. Now select your Gender.按钮来添加你的第一个成员。你现在看到的是成员编辑器,在上半部分你看到各种关于名称的输入框。在这里输入你的姓和名(注意不要把姓输入到“家庭前缀”中去,应该是它后面的那个输入框)。如果你的姓特别长,你可以点击它后面后“新增”图标来使用多个名字。然后选择你的性别。
As you enter data, you need to add where you obtained this data (Source). For this, click on the 在你录入数据时,你需要知道你是从哪里我得到这个数据的(即信息“来源”)。点击窗口列表中的{{man label|Sources来源引用}} tab, then open the Clipboard from the Toolbar, drag the source you stored in the clipboard, into the area under ID ,然后再点击小工具栏上小手图标{{man label|Title | Auth | Page of the Person Editor. This will open up the 'Source Reference Editor'. The bottom part of this editor is the same source as already entered, but the top part is new, and contains the data on how the information of the person was found in this source and how certain you are of it. For this interview you can set 添加现有来源}},选中你之前录入的“张三的采访记录”。然后在新窗口录入一些额外信息,比如{{man label|Confidence可信度}} to ''Very High''.可以选为“很高”
You already have a picture of yourself, as you added it to the source. You can now add this same picture to this Person record you are creating. For this, click on the 在你的“张三的采访记录”已经有了你自己的头像。你可以在这里使用同一张照片。点击“图库”,然后点小工具栏上小手图标{{man labelbutton|Gallery共享}} tab of the person editor, and click on the 即可使用。你也可以使用剪贴板:点击主窗口的左侧的{{man button|Share媒体}} button. This will open a list of all media objects. Select the one you made earlier and click ,然后再点主窗口工具栏上面的{{man button|OK剪贴板}} to store everything. You could also have used the clipboard: or by adding the picture there from the media view, or by adding the media ''reference'' in the clipboard by dragging it from the gallery of an object to the clipboard, and then using it from there where you need it. 之后把照片从“媒体”拖动到“剪贴板”窗口上。再回来成员编辑器,就可以直接从“剪贴板”把照片拖下来使用。
Save everything by clicking 点击所有{{man button|OK}} until you see the main Gramps view again.来保存你刚刚录入的数据,直到你看到Gramps的主窗口。
== Events 事件 ==
(版本:3.3.1-1)
Next, you will want to add your birthday. For this, open the person editor of yourself, by double clicking on your name. Note that the 接下来你想录入你的生日。双击你的名字来打开成员编辑器。注意下半部分默认显示{{man label|Events事件}} tab is open. Click on the 。点击加号图标(新增一个成员事件)。Gramps默认第一个事件是出生。输入你的出生日期。 你也可以点击右边{{man button|Add日期编辑器}} icon to add an event. Gramps preselects the birth event for the first event that you want to add. Enter your birth date as: (12/31/1900 - Month/Day/Year) or (1 Jan 1900 - Day Month Year). If you use Day Month Year, the Month must be entered with the first 3 letters only or it must be spelled out completely.按钮。在弹出窗口中选择你的出生日期。注意类别保持默认“规则的”,Quality保持默认“只限文本”。点击{{man button|OK}} 保存。 你的数据库中还没有录入过地点。点击{{man button|新增一个地点}}图标来打开弹出窗口。以后你可以使用{{man button|选择一个现有地址}}。如果你同时录入经纬度的话可以方便以后在地图上显示它们。
You can also click on the 不要忘了录入信息来源。点击{{man button|Calendar来源}} button on the right. This window allows you to select the Day Month and Year with a drop-down menu. When using this make sure that the Quality is set to Regular and Type is also set to Regular. After entering your birth date in the calendar window, click on 项,选择你的信息来源。然后点击{{man button|OK}} to save it.按钮来保存来源和地点。
Next, because you have no Places in your database you need to create one. Knowing the place where you were born, click on the 注意编辑器在“共享信息”下面有一栏叫做“参照”。这意味着这个信息可以共享给其它人。在上半部分是只针对当前成员。这个部分用来录入这个成员在这个事件中的{{man buttonlabel|Add角色身份}} icon after the Place entry to create this place. Enter places as City/Town, Township, County, State, Country or any combination of these. Such as Germantown, German Township (Twp), Montgomery County (Co.), Ohio, USA. Being consistent when adding places will be helpful later when you can select these from the {{man button|Select an existing place}} icon. Adding latitude and longitude will allow these places to be positioned on a map later.。你的出生事件中,你是primary(主要)身份。如果你知道你出生时的其它人员,并想录入他们的资料。你可以在这里用“助手、副官”的角色身份来录入他们。你也可以手动输入你自己想要的角色身份名称。
Don't forget to Source this. Click the 同时,和以前一样在{{man buttonlabel|Source来源}} tab, open the '''Clipboard''', drag and drop your source, select the Confidence level, and save both the Source and then the new place with the {{man button|OK}} buttons.中录入信息来源。因为你并不能想起你出生时候的事,那“可信度”不要选择“很高”。你可以用出生证当成一个信息”来源“。
Note that the editor that has been open is the Event ''Reference'' Editor. This means that there is a global part that you can share with other people (the bottom of the editor), and a top part which is unique to the person. This top part is used to enter the 点击{{man labelbutton|RoleOK}} of the person in the event. In your own birth, you have the primary role. If you know the name of people helping in the birth, and you want to store these people also, you can share this event with them, with a Role of ''Aide''. You can type a custom role in the {{man label|Role}} field if you are not happy with the predefined possibilities.按钮来保存事件,接着再保存这个成员。这样你就完成了第一个成员的完整资料录入。
Again, add a source to the event via the {{man label|Sources}} tab, like you did before. As you have no real recollection of your own birth, the interview should not have confidence 'Very High'! You would need to add a birth document as source for that.== 家庭 ==
When done, click 你已经录入了你自己的个人信息,是时候添加你的父母信息了。你可以像录入你自己的信息一样来录入你的父亲和母亲,然后把他们连接起来一个家庭。但是大多数人通过{{icon|rela}}“关系”或{{icon|ance}}“图表”视图来完成。让我们使用“关系”视图:在成员视图中选中你自己,然后在左侧导航栏点击{{icon|rela}}“关系”。这个视图中的工具栏可以让你添加父母或配偶。点击{{man button|OK新增一对父母}} to save the event, and then again to save the person, and you have your first full person record.图标来打开家庭编辑器。
== Family ==You now have entered yourself, time to add your parents. You could add your father and mother as you added yourself, and then connect them in a family, but most people will do things in one go via the {{icon|rela}}'''Relationship View''' or the {{icon|ance}}'''Pedigree View'''. Let's go to the Relationship view: select yourself in the person view, and then in the navigator, select the relationship view. This view has a toolbar that allows to add parents or to add a spouse. Click on the 在家庭编辑器你会看见你自己在"子女“一栏中。点击加号{{man button|Add parents新增}} icon to open the family editor.图标来录入你父母的资料。你也可以在”子女“一样点击加号图标来录入你兄弟姐妹的资料。你可以拖动你兄弟姐妹的名字来改变他们在报表中显示的顺序(比如从大到小排序)
In the family editor you will see that you are present in the {{man label|Children}} tab. Use the {{man button|Add}} icon next to father and mother to add them as you have added yourself. Use the {{man button|Add}} icon in the {{man label|Children}} tab to add your siblings. You need to use drag-and-drop to sort siblings in the order as you want them to appear in reports (normally oldest to youngest I suppose). 在家庭编辑器中你也可以添加事件。我们把父母共有的事件称之为家庭事件。比如订婚,结婚。。。这时候的角色是“家庭”。并没有必要给父母两人分别单独录入这些事件。
In the family editor you can also add events. We call these family events as they are shared by the two parents. Typically this is Engagement, Marriage, .... In these the Role is 'Family'. It is not needed to add these events also individually to the two parents! 完成的的时候点击{{man button|OK}}来保存。然后你会回到之前的“关系”视图。在这个视图中你可以导航到其它成员,并继续录入家庭树。
When done, click == 报告(报表) == 现在你已经有了你的第一个小小的家庭树,是时候创建一个报告了。在关系视图或成员视图中选中第一代人(你可以添加到书签中或设置主人公!)。点击菜单{{man buttonmenu|OK报告->文字报告->后代报告}} to save the family, and you will return to the relationship view with all the extra information visible. From within this view you can navigate to other people and keep enlarging your family tree.来创建它。
== A report 接下来做什么?==Now that you have a first small family tree, make a report. Go to the oldest grandparent you have in the relationship view or the person view (you can set bookmarks on people and set a home person!). With this person selected, go in the menu {{man menu|Reports->Text Reports->Detailed descendant report}}, to create a nice textual descendant report.
== What next?==Gramps has many features, as you improve, take the time to go over the manual and learn more. Use the mailing list to discuss issues.Gramps有很多功能,你可以花点时间在用户手册上来学习如何使它。使用邮件列表来讨论各种问题。
== Related articles 其它相关阅读 ==
*[[Add a child]]
*[[Add a spouse]]
*[[Add a witness]]
==Screencasts演示录像==* [[Media:Edit family from pedigree view Gramps 3.2.5.ogg|Edit family (parents, children, siblings) from Pedigree View如何在图表视图中编辑一个家庭(父母,子女及兄弟姐妹]]* [[Media:Add_family_from_pedigree_view_Gramps_3.2.5.ogg|Add family (parents, children, siblings) from Pedigree View如何在图表视图中新增一个家庭(父母,子女及兄弟姐妹]]
[[Category:How do I...]]
[[Category:Zh:Genealogy]]
[[Category:Gramps Logic]]

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